Schools across India remained closed for a long time due to the Covid-19 pandemic, forcing students to resort to coaching or tutoring. Whether it is a government school or a private one, children across the country largely depend on tuition. One very surprising thing is that the highest increase in the ratio of children taking tuition has been done among children from very deprived families.
As schools closed due to Covid-19, children needed help from their families. Now in such a situation, it was very difficult for children of early generation or whose parents were less educated, for them to study online.
Even though many children had to leave private schools and go to government schools due to financial constraints, parents still had to pay their tuition fees. According to the ASER Report 2021, the enrollment of children in government schools has increased from 65.8% to 70.3% in the last one year.
ASER said, ‘It is very shocking that because of the economic condition, many children may or may have had to leave the private school and go to the government school, but the parents still had to pay their tuition fees.’
According to the report, tuition classes were preferred as they are local, where fees are paid flexibly. Also, it is quickly settled when there is a conversation between the tutor and the family.
The Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2021 revealed, ‘The tuition for children whose parents are less educated increased by 12.6 percent, while the tuition of children whose parents are more educated, those children. There was an increase of 7.2 per cent in takings.
According to government data, the number of students taking tuition classes has increased from 28.6 percent in 2018 to 32.5 percent in 2020 and 39.2 percent in 2021.
Even one in three children from classes 1 to 2 who had never taken physical classes in schools started taking tuition classes. At the same time, the maximum number of children above 9th class take tuition classes, which is 41.1 percent of the total tuition students.
Children of government schools are more dependent on tuition
Children going to government schools were more dependent on tuition than private schools. In government schools, 39.5 percent of students were tuition dependent in 2021, a slight increase from private schools, with 38.2 percent of children enrolled in tuition.
Boys go more than girls for coaching
By gender, more boys go to tuition than girls. This trend has been like this continuously for years. According to ASER, in 2021, 40.3% of boys and 37.9 percent of girls had to take the help of tuition classes.
In 2018, Odisha, Bihar and West Bengal had more than 50 per cent of school-going children taking some kind of tuition class. In 2021, this figure has increased to 60 percent in Odisha and over 70 percent in Bihar and West Bengal.
The ASER 2021 report says that in almost all states, there has been an increase in tuition for children taking classes and this is probably due to prolonged school closures.